What are FAANG Stocks? 5 Mega-Cap Tech Stocks

FAANG stocks include some of the most popular and profitable stocks on the market over the last decade or so. But what are FAANG stocks? It’s an acronym that stands for the stocks of the following companies:

  • F – Facebook (FB)
  • A – Apple (AAPL)
  • A – Amazon (AMZN)
  • N – Netflix (NFLX)
  • G – Google (GOOG and GOOGL)

These companies continue to be bellwethers of the tech industry, representing a high-growth sector of the economy. Each has returned investors a ton of money over time, and these stocks are likely to remain popular staples of investors’ portfolios for the foreseeable future. (As you can see, the acronym is outdated, since Google changed its name to Alphabet in 2015, and Facebook switched its name to Meta Platforms in 2021 to reflect its broader focus.)

In fact, originally this group was called FANG stocks, standing for Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and Google, but was expanded to include Apple as a second “A.” Sometimes Microsoft is also included in this group, with the acronym expanding to FANMAG, a more pleasant abbreviation. But a more apt name might be MANAMA, which may recall a famous Sesame Street song, allowing both Microsoft and the relatively newly renamed Meta Platforms each to have an M.

Why are FAANG stocks so popular?

FAANG stocks are popular for a number of reasons, perhaps the most important being their strong record of growth and their potential future growth. Their total value is in the trillions of dollars, and many investors have at least a tiny portion of these companies in their portfolio by virtue of owning an exchange-traded fund or mutual fund, where these are popular holdings.

Popular holding for indexes

FAANG stocks comprise significant chunks of major indexes such as the Standard & Poor’s 500 index (S&P 500), a collection of around 500 of America’s largest companies. Here’s the breakdown of FAANG stocks in the S&P 500 index as of Nov. 28, 2022, according to data from Slick Charts:

  • Facebook/Meta Platforms – 0.7 percent
  • Apple – 6.6 percent
  • Amazon – 2.4 percent
  • Netflix – 0.4 percent
  • Google/Alphabet – 3.3 percent
  • Microsoft – 5.4 percent

In other words, these six companies alone make up around 19 percent of the index.

The weighting of these companies is even higher in the Nasdaq 100 index. Here’s their breakdown in this major tech index as of Nov. 28, 2022, according to Slick Charts:

  • Facebook/Meta Platforms – 2.1 percent
  • Apple – 13.4 percent
  • Amazon – 5.3 percent
  • Netflix – 1.2 percent
  • Google/Alphabet – 6.6 percent
  • Microsoft – 10.2 percent

In total, the five core FAANG stocks make up about 29 percent of the index’s value. Add in Microsoft, and you have just six firms comprising nearly 39 percent of the index.

Every time you buy funds based on these indexes, you’re purchasing a similar size stake in FAANG stocks. (If you already own stakes in these individual stocks, your portfolio may not be as diversified as you think.)

Growth record

While consumers may be familiar with these tech names, they may not be aware of the huge returns generated by these six companies for the 10-year period from the start of 2012 to the end of 2021.

Company Total return (percent) Annualized return (percent)
Facebook 780* 24.3
Apple 1,128 28.5
Amazon 1,827 34.4
Netflix 5,985 50.8
Google/Alphabet 797 24.5
Microsoft 1,196 29.2

Source: Yahoo! Finance. * From IPO date of May 18, 2012

If you had put $10,000 into Netflix at the start of 2012, you’d have about 60 times that amount of money at the end of 2021 – a truly incredible return. Even the low end of the returns is attractive. And the annualized returns are about as good as you can find in the market.

These growth records are built on each company’s expanding global empire, though sometimes people don’t realize the companies have other businesses under the corporate umbrella.

For example, while Meta Platforms is known for its Facebook social media site, many consumers aren’t aware that it also controls the WhatsApp messenger and Instagram social media site.

Similarly, Amazon is not just an ecommerce giant, but also controls AWS (Amazon Web Services), which is a leading player in cloud computing.

Meanwhile, Netflix has expanded from a distributor of other people’s content to a producer and distributor of its own content.

Of course, consumers are familiar with Apple and Alphabet for their phones and search service, respectively. But even these companies are more than just those key products.

Bottom line

FAANG stocks have been among the most popular stocks in the market for a while and have delivered among the most tantalizing returns over the past decade. While the future likely won’t look quite as rosy as the past, these stocks look set to remain a mainstay of key indexes, meaning that investors will continue to own them as part of the best ETFs and best mutual funds.

Editorial Disclaimer: All investors are advised to conduct their own independent research into investment strategies before making an investment decision. In addition, investors are advised that past investment product performance is no guarantee of future price appreciation.

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